According to the Vietnam News Agency on June 19, data from Vietnam's ministry of agriculture and agricultural development, the bureau of agricultural processing and market development, show that many agricultural export activities in Vietnam have encountered difficulties against the background that the Chinese government sets strict standards for Vietnamese agricultural products exported to China.
Specifically, in the first five months of this year, Vietnamese exports of cassava and cassava products reached 1 million tons, both of which fell year-on-year. China is Vietnam's biggest export market for cassava, accounting for 89% of its exports. Exports of Vietnamese agricultural products such as watermelons, bananas and lychees are also suffering.
According to reports, starting in early May, Chinese customs imposed new regulations on Chinese imports of Vietnamese agricultural products to avoid the frequent occurrence of certificates, false lists and agricultural products violating health and quality standards.
For many years, China has been one of Vietnam's major export markets for agricultural products, accounting for 40-70% of Vietnam's total exports to China. Such as fruits and vegetables 70%, rice 22%. However, 60-70% of Vietnam's agricultural products are mainly exported to China through border trade, with many risks and lack of sustainability.
越南农民 图自越通社越南农民 图自越通社
越南农民 图自越通社越南农民 图自越通社
Since 2018, many changes have taken place in China's agricultural import policy, such as allowing Vietnam's agricultural products, especially fruits, to be exported to China through trade, the Vietnamese People's Daily reported in May. On the issue, Nguyen Guk Chan, acting director of the agricultural processing and market development bureau of Vietnam's ministry of agriculture and rural development, said that the Chinese market has proposed a series of regulations on agricultural products from Vietnam, such as fruits.
Currently, Vietnamese fruits exported to the Chinese market need to meet China's regulations on the safety of food raw materials, plant inspection and quarantine, registration of place names and planting area Numbers with Chinese customs. The import unit shall indicate the source of the products, and the products shall meet the requirements on packaging and sanitary conditions.
In addition, China also requires that food exported to China from October 1, 2019, must hold a food safety certificate issued by the relevant authorities of the exporting country. China also strictly checks the quality of other agricultural and aquatic products.
Wu Bofu, director general of the trade promotion bureau of the ministry of industry and trade, said that China's strict quality requirements on products will help Vietnamese enterprises deal with the current export situation of border trade, so as to reduce risks, reduce dependence on the market and reduce pressure on prices and harvest disasters.
In order to help enterprises effectively develop the Chinese market, relevant departments of Vietnam are actively negotiating with relevant Chinese authorities and supplementing the export mode of positive trade.China remained Vietnam's largest export market for agricultural products in the first quarter of this year, according to the ministry of agriculture and villages.However, exports fell 12.7% year on year.Vietnam's exports of fruits and vegetables to China reached us $680 million, down 6.4% year on year.
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